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The new sanctions regime approved by the US Congress entails a number of classical violations of international law, respect for the principle of the sovereign equality of states, the prohibition of extra-territorial application of domestic law, the customary international law on free trade, WTO agreements and other instruments that no doubt will be tested in courts and arbitral tribunals.  Most worrisome is that the sanctions are incompatible with many General Assembly Resolutions, including 2625 which stipulates that “States shall conduct their international relations in the economic, social, cultural, technical and trade fields in accordance with the principles of sovereign equality and non-intervention” and must refrain from military, political, economic or any other form of coercion.

The former US Assistant Secretary of the Treasury has strong opinions about this: