Thousands of anti-austerity protesters have converged on Ecuador’s capital Quito, forcing the country’s controversial president to flee the city.
The protests have persisted since last week, when President Lenín Moreno’s decision to end subsidies led to a sharp increase in fuel prices. They have spread from transport workers to students and then to indigenous demonstrators. And the government has now suspended some civil rights as part of its clampdown. A number of people have reportedly died, and authorities have arrested hundreds more.
Former UN expert says Moreno regime “is on a slippery slope toward fascism”
From 2007 to 2017, many called Ecuador a “left-wing success story”. Indeed, the centre-left government significantly reduced poverty and inequality during its time in power, despite continued US interference. Since taking power in 2017, however, Lenín Moreno has moved further and further to the right, adopting the failed policies of austerity (while facing corruption allegations). This shift came in the context of a right-wing assault throughout Latin America.
Alfred de Zayas – a former UN independent expert on promoting global fairness and democracy who also worked at the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights – summarised the context as follows:
And as the protests in Ecuador intensified, he directed his attention specifically to the country’s current government, saying:
And he continued
He also referred to Naomi Klein’s concept of the ‘shock doctrine‘, which reflects on how right-wing elites have long exploited “disaster-shocked people and countries” to undertake “corporate reengineering” projects. And he said “Ecuador is the next victim”:
According to teleSUR, Ecuador’s ‘Public Defender office’ has confirmed “that five people have been killed so far”, and some groups say the figure could be higher. At the same time:
As teleSUR said:
Where’s all the mass media obsessing?
The Moreno government has declared an overnight curfew around key state installations and government buildings as well as vital infrastructure such as airports and oil refineries. The state of emergency, which it declared last week, allows it to curb some civil liberties.
Ecuador’s protesters have seized some oil installations, and state oil company Petroecuador warned that production losses could reach 165,000 barrels a day, or nearly one-third of total production, if insecurity continues. On Tuesday, meanwhile, protesters broke through police barriers and some entered the empty congress building in Quito. Police fired tear gas and forced them to retreat.
Indigenous protesters also occupied two water treatment plants in the city of Ambato, south of the capital.
Such protests played a major role in the 2005 resignation of Ecuador’s president at the time, Lucio Gutiérrez. The country’s biggest indigenous group, the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador, said Moreno’s government had failed to alleviate the suffering of Ecuador’s “most vulnerable” people, adding:
We have shown throughout Ecuador’s history that indigenous peoples have the power to shut down the country when our rights are put at risk and power is abused
The group also resisted Moreno’s allegations that it was somehow a puppet of centre-left ex-president Rafael Correa:
The question now is, ‘given all the Western obsessing about protests against Venezuela’s centre-left government in recent years – and collaboration with the ongoing coup attempt in Venezuela, where is all the media obsessing about Ecuador now?’
Featured image and additional reporting via Press Association